Chile (including Easter Island)

Country name: Chile

  • Population: 17.3 million (UN, 2011)
  • Capital: Santiago
  • Area: 756,096 sq km (291,930 sq miles)
  • Major language: Spanish (although there are several indigenous languages: Mapudungun, Quechua, Aymara and Rapa Nui)
  • Major Religion: Christianity
  • Currency: 1 Chilean peso = 100 centavos
  • Main exports: copper, fish, fruit, paper and pulp, chemicals and wine
  • Internet domain: .cl
  • International dailling code: +56
  • Climate: Chile is a very long and thin country, stretching 12,606 km (7,833 miles), covering 38 degrees of latitude! It therefore has a lot of weather conditions ranging from desert in the north to alpine tundra and glaciers in the south. The central part of Chile has a Mediterranean climate.

Some of the interesting things that Lewis the Lion discovered about Chile are that:

  • It is one of South America’s most stable and prosperous nations
  • It is the shape of a long, thin ribbon with the Andes, the longest mountain range in the world, running along the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west
  • It is prone to earthquakes and many of its buildings are made to be earthquake proof
  • It also has several islands as part of its territory including Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas and Easter Island
  • The Mapuche tribe (who were migtating Native Americans from over 10,000 years ago) were the original inhabitants of southern and central Chile. When the Spanish came to conquer in 1553
  • Chile is the world’s fifth largest exporters of wine and the eighth largest producer of wine
  • One of the richest men in Chile sells honey roasted peanuts!

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